Andrew's Writing 

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The Managerial Revolution (1941)


The Machiavellians (1943)

This piece, published in the French and English academic blog Tocqueville21, evaluates James Burnham's recent "mini Renaissance" and critically analyzes the apocalyptic rhetoric that underlies his theory of "the managerial revolution."  I argue that those seeking to revive Burnham's works today cannot uncritically embrace his supposed "realistic" analysis of modern politics developed through his readings of "the Machiavellians." In fact, Burnham's supposedly "realist" theories about geopolitical developments in the 1940s are saturated with what George Orwell called "apocalyptic wish" and display a strong attraction to metanarratives on the philosophy of history that define much of American political thought.